After WWII those in the scientific community who had been associated with, or supportive of, eugenics began to distance themselves from the movement. Many turned their attention to genetics or other biological sciences like ecology. Some eugenicists continued to hold leadership positions at various institutes and non-profits studying population control for decades after WWII. Some of the major scientific organizations who had been proponents of the eugenics movement in the U.S. rebranded themselves to focus more on genetics. However several eugenics programs remained in place in universities for years after WWII, phased out or subsumed into other academic programs over time. Forced sterilization laws in many U.S. states existed into the 1970s, with some not ending until the early 1980s.