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Timeline of The Human Genome

Timeline of the Human Genome

1865 | Gregor Mendel, the father of modern genetics, presents his research on experiments in plant hybridization
1869 | Friedrich Miescher identifies "nuclein," DNA with associated proteins, from cell nuclei
1952 | Rosalind Franklin creates Photograph 51, showing a distinctive pattern that indicates the helical shape of DNA
1953 | James Watson and Francis Crick discover the double helix structure of DNA
1961 | Marshall Nirenberg cracks the genetic code for protein synthesis
1977 | Frederick Sanger develops rapid DNA sequencing technique
1983 | First genetic disease mapped, Huntington’s Disease
1983 | Invention of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology for amplifying DNA
1989 | Cystic Fibrosis gene mutation identified
1990 | First evidence provided for the existence of the BRCA1 gene
1990 | The Human Genome Project begins
1995 | Haemophilus influenzae becomes first bacterium genome sequenced
1996 | “Bermuda Principles” drafted for Human Genome Project free data access
1998 | Celera Genomics Corporation founded for sequencing the human genome
1999 | Chromosome 22 first human chromosome to be decoded
2000 | Genome sequence of model organism fruit fly reported
2001 | First draft of the human genome released
2002 | Mouse becomes first mammalian research organism with decoded genome
2003 | Human Genome Project completion announced
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